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Blockchain vs. Bitcoin: Differences Explained

Jitin Agarwal

VP, Enterprise Products, EPAM

With the publication of Satoshi Nakamoto’s white paper in 2008, the concept of blockchain emerged as the public transaction ledger for bitcoin, the world’s first decentralized cryptocurrency. Since then, the two entities have remained inextricably linked, with bitcoin soaring in value and popularity and blockchain rising in hype and enterprise viability.

Today, despite the inherent link between the two, blockchain and bitcoin have drifted in different directions in terms of both connotation and definition. Here are some of the key technical differences between the two: 



Distributed ledger platform

Digital currency built on top of blockchain

Broad scope with hundreds of use cases

Limited in scope to financial markets & payments

Simplifies complex technology ecosystems to run on a decentralized single platform

Simplifies payments to be faster and not rely on a central authority (e.g. bank)

Public, private and consortia-based blockchains transmit and store data on any business process

Largely limited to the ledger of data on financial transactions

Useful in data transactions between multiple parties (i.e. logistics provider, insurer and retailer with supply chain data all on one blockchain)

Used mainly for peer-to-peer financial transactions (e.g. payments)

Access is permissioned and transparent so parties can see who makes transactions and views data

Parties often prefer to remain anonymous 

Mining is optional to make the blockchain work, and a consensus protocol can be implemented without relying on miners to verify each transaction

Mining is key to making this approach work with miners proving accuracy of bitcoin transactions, adding “blocks” to the “chain” of existing verified transactions


What is Blockchain? The Bank Vault Analogy

Blockchain is defined as a technology for decentralized payments and data management that allows digital information (the block) to be stored and distributed in a public database (the chain) that’s validated by a wider community rather than a central authority. To understand how blockchain works, it’s helpful to think of the broadly used bank vault and its benefits:

In this analogy, the blockchain works similarly to a bank vault to keep valuable information secure yet transparent, publicly accessible yet immutable. Only parties with permission to enter the vault – or manipulate the blockchain – can make changes to the data, and these changes are governed by and visible to the other parties operating the vault/blockchain.

Blockchain’s Rising Enterprise Viability

In recent years, enterprises have started to explore various new use cases for blockchain that go beyond bitcoin. Blockchain’s distributed ledger technology’s powerful features like immutability, encryption and transparency make blockchain the perfect platform for various data-rich business processes.

Looking forward, enterprises are looking to unlock the benefits of blockchain in many key areas, including supply chain, data management, audit trails, governance, regulatory compliance and more. Overall, when implemented into production, blockchain has the potential streamline and, in some instances, automate the above processes. Blockchain offers the following opportunities for businesses:

  • Increase operational efficiency by storing and accessing data on a single digital ledger
  • Save time and money by cutting out middlemen
  • Build trust through enhanced security, transparency and encryption
  • Improve traceability in the supply chain (e.g. SigmaLedger)
  • Unlock new business models through digitization (e.g. tokenization, digital identity, smart contracts, ownership rights)
Key Blockchain Use Cases Beyond Bitcoin & Payments

While blockchain will undoubtedly continue to be used as the foundation for cryptocurrency and other forms of alternative payments, its hundreds of other use cases make it a powerful underlying technology that could provide cost savings and unlock significant efficiencies not offered by other solutions.

At EPAM, we have explored key use cases in the following verticals:

If you’re interested in learning more about the potential of blockchain for your organization and industry, don’t hesitate to reach out to us. One of our blockchain experts would be happy to explore which use cases make the most sense for your enterprise!

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